CAT 6 wiring is a standard cable which is used for some gigabit Ethernet standards. It is available in two different forms. First one is used in plenum cables which are composed of solid copper conductor and second one is used in non-plenum cables which are composed of braided strands of thin copper wire. The benefits of using CAT 6 wire are to restrict the system noise and crosstalk. The CAT 6 wire has twisted four copper wires which are just like other standard copper cables. It supports gigabit Ethernet and speeds up to one gigabit per second that supports communications more than twice the speed of CAT5e cables.
The 1000BASE-T which is also known as IEEE 802.3ab is one of the Gigabit Ethernet standards used over a copper wiring. Gigabit Ethernet wiring uses different technologies for transferring Ethernet frames with the rate of one gigabit per second. It includes different standards of physical layers for gigabit Ethernet such as 1000BASE-X, 1000BASE-T and 1000BASE-TX. There are some other specific gigabit Ethernet standards which include 1000BASE-CX, 1000-BX10, 1000BASE-LX, 1000BASE-ZX, 1000BASE-SX and 1000BASE-LH. But CAT 6 gigabit Ethernet use only 1000BASE-T, 100BASE-TX/10BASE-T and 10GBASE-T. The 10GBASE-T is one of the fastest Ethernet standards which work ten times faster than the standard gigabit Ethernet. Gigabit Ethernet wiring uses all eight wires which is in four pairs and different levels of voltage to achieve higher data rate.
If you want to make the transition to gigabit Ethernet you have to buy a gigabit switch. There are some important things which you need to know before purchasing. First thing you should consider is that the unit you want is hub or a switch. The next thing you should check is its switch’s throughput. It should support 10/100/1000 speeds on each ports. You should also consider total throughput which should be 2000 megabits that is 1000 megabits for transmitting data and 1000 megabits for receiving data. Gigabit Ethernet make the transition easier and do lot of work